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Educators' Guide for Pedagogy and Assessment

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Unit: 1. Introduction to the world of Fashion and Textiles

Textiles and Fashion

Learning Outcome: 1. I can understand the fashion industry and its careers.

1 I can identify the careers in the fashion industry.
Careers within each field of the fashion industry:

  • Design: designers; pattern makers; sketching assistants; pattern graders;

  • Manufacture: apparel workers; dressmakers; textile workers; sewing machine operators;

  • Marketing and promotion: marketers; photographers; models; stylists;

  • Retail: buyers; merchandise planners; sales personnel; retail managers.

1 I can describe the roles of various fashion personnel within the fashion industry.

Learning Outcome: 2. I can understand the importance of textiles.

2 I can identify the use of textiles in the world around me.
Use of textiles: inside the home; outside the home; clothing purposes; manufacturing purposes.
3 I can classify the different fibres.

  • Natural Fibres:
    - Plant: cotton; linen;
    - Animal: wool; silk;

  • Manufactured Fibres:
    - Regenerated: viscose; acetate;
    - Synthetic: nylon; polyester;
    - Smart fibres: conductive; power-assisted.

2 I can explain the impact of fibres and fabrics on the environment.
Impact on the environment: production; manufacturing; transportation; use.
4 I can outline the process involved in the manufacture of fabrics.

  • Fibre:
    - Filaments;

  • Yarn:
    - ‘Z’ twist;
    - ‘S’ twist’;

  • Fabric:
    - Woven: e.g. plain; satin; twill; 
    - Non-woven: felted; bonded;
    - Knitted: warp; weft.

Learning Outcome: 3. I know the basic principles of fibres and fabrics.

5 I can list the different fabric properties.
Fabric properties:

  • Durability: e.g. strength, abrasion, resistance;

  • Aesthetic: e.g. drape, colour, lustre;

  • Protection: e.g. water repellence, wind resistance, insulation;

  • Maintenance: e.g. easy care, mildew resistance, stain resistance.

6 I can describe the basic care of textiles items, including the interpretation of care labels.
Care: daily; seasonal; occasional maintenance;

Care labels: washing; bleaching; drying; dry cleaning; ironing.
3 I can discuss the different fabric properties and how these meet different needs and requirements.
Different needs and requirements: uniforms; workwear; sport and leisure clothing; interiors; cultural customs; status.
1 I can carry out experiments to discover the properties of various fabrics.
Experiments: flammability; absorbency; tensile; colourfastness; abrasion.

Learning Outcome: 4. I can use sewing equipment and construction techniques to construct an artefact following health and safety procedures.

7 I can outline the risks and hazards in the textile and fashion environment.
Hazards: e.g. electrical cables, poor ambience of the environment, incorrect storage of equipment, causes of fire, incorrect posture, unsafe equipment, misuse of equipment, lack of maintenance to equipment, inadequate personal precautions/clothing.
8 I can identify equipment required for basic sewing skills.
Cutting tools: e.g. dressmaker’s shears, pinking shears, rotary cutter and mat;
Sewing tools: e.g. hand sewing needles, embroidery needles, sewing machine;
Measuring tools: e.g. tape measure, ruler, T-square;
Marking tools: e.g. tailor’s chalk, coloured marking pen/pencils, carbon paper;
Pressing tools: e.g. steam/dry iron, ironing board, sleeve board.

9 I can identify different construction techniques used in the textiles and fashion industry.
Stitches: e.g. temporary, permanent;
Seams: e.g. plain, French, run and fell;
Neatening: e.g. zigzag, overlocked, bound;
Fasteners: e.g. buttons and button holes, zippers, Velcro®, snaps.
4 I can explain how potential hazards can be avoided by making direct reference to health and safety legislation.
Legislation: e.g.

  • Act 27 of 2000 - Occupational Health and Safety Authority Act

  • LN 44 of 2002 - Work Place (Minimum Health and Safety Requirements) Regulations

  • LN 35 of 2003 - Protection against Risks of Back Injury at Work Places Regulations

  • LN 36 of 2003 - General Provisions for Health and Safety at Work Places Regulations

  • LN 45 of 2002 - Work Places (Provision of Health and/or Safety Signs) Regulations

  • LN 121 of 2003 - Minimum Requirements for the Use of Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations

2 I can apply sewing techniques to complete a given project following health and safety procedures.
Construction techniques: e.g. stitches, seams, neatening, fasteners;
Health and Safety procedures;

Learning Outcome: 5. I can use mood boards and illustrations to make project.

10 I can identify different fashion presentation techniques.
Presentation techniques: e.g. mood boards, theme boards, inspiration boards, story boards, client or profile boards, digital designs, illustrations, croquets and silhouettes, flats.
5 I can distinguish the different styles in illustrations and mood boards.
Styles: e.g. sports, casual, street, kids, youth, teens, masculine, feminine, elegant, evening, professional, workwear, classic, swimwear, catalogue.
3 I can complete a project presentation using various mood boards and illustrations.
Apply good technique: layout; composition; creative backgrounds; space; visual frames; symmetry/asymmetry; colour schemes; harmony; emphasis; proportion.

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