EN | MT  

Educators' Guide for Pedagogy and Assessment

Click the icon below to download the Educators' Guide for Pedagogy and Assessment

Unit: 1. Introduction to Hair and Beauty Therapy

Hairdressing and Beauty

Learning Outcome: 1. I can develop a risk assessment taking into consideration local health and safety legislation.

1 I can state the importance of health and safety procedures in the salon.
The importance of health and safety in the salon: Make the workplace safe for customers, suppliers and the general public; prevent risks to health; appropriate use and storage of materials; appropriate use, maintenance and storage of equipment; indicate what to do in an emergency situation.
2 I can describe the risks that arise from hazards in a hair and beauty salon.
Hazards: e.g. Untrained staff, tools that are not properly sanitised, dirty basins and towels, inappropriate use and storage of chemicals, inappropriate use and storage of equipment, lack of cleanliness, poor ventilation.
1 I can describe the appropriate personal and protective equipment that should be worn when providing different services.
Personal and protective equipment: e.g. Gloves, aprons, facial masks.
Services: waxing; facials; colouring; non-permanent colour; perms; bleach.
3 I can list the different methods that should be used in a salon to dispose of different types of salon waste.
Salon waste: e.g. Aerosols, chemical waste, sharp objects/glass, recyclable containers, ash, hair.
4 I can outline the main features of current health and safety legislation that have to be taken into consideration when working in a salon.
Legislation: e.g.

  • Act 27 of 2000 - Occupational Health and Safety Authority Act;

  • LN 44 of 2002 - Work Place (Minimum Health and Safety Requirements) Regulations,

  • LN 35 of 2003 - Protection against Risks of Back Injury at Work Placement Regulations,

  • LN 36 of 2003 - General Provisions for Health and Safety at Work Places Regulations,

  • LN 45 of 2002 - Work Places (Provision of Health and/or Safety Signs) Regulations,

  • LN 11 of 2002 - Work Place (First Aid) Regulations,

  • LN 121 of 2003 - Minimum Requirements for the use of Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations,

  • LN 227 of 2003 - Protection of the Health and Safety of Workers from the Risks related to Chemical Agents at Work Regulations,

  • LN 228 of 2003 - Protection of Workers from Risks related to Exposure to Biological Agents at Work Regulations.

 2 I can explain the principles of hygiene and infection control.
Principles related to:

  • Premises requirements: e.g.

    • Premises should have suitable and sufficient lighting and ventilation,

    • Walls, floors and work surfaces should be capable of being easily cleaned and maintained in good repair,

    • Floor should be swept regularly to prevent the accumulation of hair clippings,

    • Suitable waste bins should be provided, emptied at least daily and be cleaned and disinfected,

    • Sufficient number of wash hand basins should be provided with an adequate supply of hot and cold water and hand-drying facilities,

    • Adequate storage space should be available for materials and equipment,

    • No animals should be on the premises;

  • Requirements for cleanliness of materials and equipment: e.g.

    • Single-use disposable instruments to be used wherever possible,

    • Gowns and overalls to be kept clean at all times,

    • Any instrument likely to come into contact with a customer to be adequately disinfected,

    • Towels to be clean and laundered in hot wash after use by each person,

    • All articles used for the purpose of shaving to be cleaned immediately before and after use,

    • Any article that has been used on a client must be cleaned before using it on another person,

    • Stylists/therapists must keep themselves and their clothing clean and have no exposed cuts, abrasions or wounds;

  • Requirements for stylists/therapists:

    • Clean clothing/uniform,

    • Frequent and adequate hand washing,

    • Open wounds covered with waterproof dressing,

    • Non-latex disposable gloves worn if stylists/therapists’ hands have a skin condition or the client has a scalp condition,

    • Gloves replaced after each client,

    • Stylists/therapists fully trained and competent,

    • Suitable first aid equipment and appropriate training provided.

1 I can carry out a basic risk assessment.
Areas of risk assessment: Identify hazards; decide who might be harmed and how; estimate the risk; controlling risks; monitoring effectiveness of controls.

Learning Outcome: 2. I know the basic first aid skills.

5 I can outline the types of emergency situations that might arise in a busy saloon.
Emergency Situations: e.g. Fire, fainting, electric shocks, burns, cuts/wounds, falls/trips, sprains/strain.
2 I can demonstrate the First Aid procedures needed in a particular situation.

Learning Outcome: 3. I understand the basics of professional conduct in the salon.

6 I can identify different career opportunities within the hair and beauty sector.
Career opportunities: Education; salon owner; cruise liners; fashion industry; film-making industry; theatre; supplying of products; manufacturing; wig making; hair extensions.
3 I can explain the importance of communication skills.
Communication skills

  • Verbal: e.g. greeting, checking for understanding, open-ended and closed-ended questions, empathy, confrontation, constructive and destructive feedback, summarisation, termination;

  • Non-verbal: e.g. facial expressions, eye contact, gestures, touch, posture, proximity, tone of voice, pitch.

7 I can outline the importance of confidentiality.
Importance of confidentiality: Building up trust and confidence; adhering to legislation; showing professionalism; security.
8 I can describe the skills needed for client consultation.
Client consultation:

  • Communication and recordkeeping:

    • Communication e.g. listening, understanding, communicating with clients.

    • Recordkeeping: e.g. keeping information in a safe place, recording information, keeping clients’ confidentiality.

  • Manufacturers' instructions: e.g. reading, following, observing all instructions.

Learning Outcome: 4. I have an understanding of the basic structure of the hair and scalp and the influencing factors that may cause damage to the hair and skin.

9 I can identify the factors that may cause damage to the hair and what factors contribute to a healthy skin.
Factors that cause damage to the hair: e.g.
  • Use of harsh chemicals: e.g. over-bleaching, over-processed hair with colouring, over-processed hair with perming products;

  • Physical damage: e.g. bad brushing, bad combing, too much use of electric equipment;

  • Environmental damage: e.g. harsh wind, too much exposure in the sun, use of chlorinated water;

Factors that contribute to a healthy skin
  • Healthy skin: cleansing the skin with the right product; following a healthy diet; rest; exercise.

10 I can label the basic structure of the hair and scalp.
Hair and skin structure: The cuticle; the cortex; the medulla; dermis; epidermis; sebaceous glands; erector pili muscle; sweat glands; hair follicle; dermal papilla.
4 I can explain the hair cycle.
Hair cycle: Anagen stage; catagen stage; telogen stage.
5 I can describe the basic anatomy and physiology related to the skin.
Skin anatomy and physiology: e.g. Hypodermis, dermis, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, hair bulb.
3 I can carry out a full client consultation and prepare the client for a shampoo service.
Client consultation:

  • identifying hair type;

  • identifying hair condition;

  • identifying hair build-up;

  • identifying scalp condition;

  • choosing the right product: e.g. shampoo and conditioner according to the hair condition.

Learning Outcome: 1. I am familiar with different facial care products and their effects on the skin.


Submit your feedback here