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Educators' Guide for Pedagogy and Assessment

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Learning Area: Science and Technology

Science > LEVEL 6

Learning Area Outcome: Learners can demonstrate achievement of Outcomes in many different ways; for example by talking about a topic, answering questions orally, drawing relevant diagrams, showing understanding through role-play, creating a presentation or by any other appropriate method or combination of methods. The terms “describe” or “explain” in Outcomes do not necessarily require a written description or explanation.

Subject Focus: What do scientists do?

1] I can ask questions about a scientific topic being discussed in class. 
2] I can find answers to simple questions on a scientific topic.
3] I can use limited scientific knowledge to predict the outcome of an experiment.
4] I can carry out a simple practical investigation - which involves up to two variables - with teacher guidance.
5] I can record observations by completing a table of results.
6] I can identify simple cause and effect relationships.
7] I can present information about work I did, and link this to direct outcomes using some key scientific terms.
8] I can explain how a scientist uses a model to explain ideas.
9] I can, through a role play exercise, act out simple stories about famous scientists.
10] I can give examples and explain how technology and science have improved life.
11] I can present information about some science occupations.
12] I can name, use and describe the purpose of a range of basic scientific apparatus.
13] I can take basic measurements of size, mass and temperature, and express the reading using appropriate units.
14] I can apply basic safety rules when working on an investigation.
15] I can take some decisions while working on an experiment in a group.

Subject Focus: How do we stay alive?

1] I can list the seven characteristics of life, and explain why each is essential.
2] I can classify humans as mammals and can identify some characteristics of being a mammal.
3] I can name and give examples of the five different groups of vertebrates.
4] I can explain that plants need carbon dioxide and water to make food, and that they produce oxygen.
5] I can examine the structure of flowers and label a diagram of the different parts of the flower. 
6] I can describe the main role of important human body systems such as digestive, circulatory, breathing, and nervous system.
7] I can describe the lifecycles of birds, insects and frogs.
8] I can investigate and give examples of the adaptations of plants to suit their environment.
9] I can present information on an endangered species, and describe how this can lead to extinction. 

Subject Focus: How do we keep fit and healthy?

1] I can develop a story about healthy eating, identifying foods that should not be consumed in excess.
2] I can list the five main nutrients the human body needs, and explain their role and the importance of fibre in a healthy diet.
3] I can find out about the effects human intervention can have on natural habitats and the organisms that live there.
4] I can explain how germs cause disease.

Subject Focus: ​How do our senses help us gather information?

1] I can give examples of how we use our five senses to gather information about the world around us.
2] I can demonstrate how sounds are made.
3] I can show how sound vibrations are carried by waves through water and other materials.
4] I can describe how the ear detects sound.
5] I can use musical instruments to explore different ways of making sounds, and how to change the pitch of sound.
6] I can explain that we see an object when it reflects light from a light source into our eyes.
7] I can explain how shadows are formed and investigate the factors that affect shadow shape and size.
8] I can investigate how a mirror changes the direction of light by reflecting it.
9] I can use mirrors to see behind things. 
10] I can build a periscope.
11] I can give examples of the importance of smell and touch in various activities, hobbies or jobs.
12] I can explore ways taste and smell can be altered by cooking.
13] I can demonstrate that the fingertips are sensitive to touch.

Subject Focus: What is energy?

1] I can describe in simple terms how a plant obtains energy.
2] I can list the inputs and outputs of photosynthesis, and explain why it is important for human life.
3] I can state what food types are good fuel for our bodies.
4] I can find out about scientists who were responsible for various electrical discoveries.
5] I can describe what life was like before electricity.
6] I can describe how Malta generates its electricity.
7] I can demonstrate the role of a switch in a circuit.
8] I can recognise and use common circuit symbols.
9] I can demonstrate examples of different energy transformations.
10] I can name the main forms of energy; including stored, movement, heat, electrical, light and sound.
11] I can identify different types of fuel.

Subject Focus: What are things made of?

1] I can classify materials as natural or man-made.
2] I can investigate and compare the properties of different states of matter.
3] I can observe and describe examples of freezing, condensation, evaporation, melting and boiling.
4] I can use measuring instruments to measure the mass and volume of various objects.
5] I can contrast several different materials by describing their most important properties.
6] I can describe examples of materials which are best-suited to particular uses.
7] I can investigate how some substances form suspensions, while others dissolve in water.
8] I can perform simple experiments to separate some mixtures.
9] I can make some mixtures react to form new materials
10] I can observe chemical reactions and record the results.
11] I can name some acids and alkalis found in everyday life.

Subject Focus: How does planet Earth support life?

1] I can explain that our environment is a balanced system, with different parts all interrelated.
2] I can explain the importance of the 3Rs: reduce, reuse and recycle.
3] I can explain how plants and animals share the same major habitat, and which kinds live in which sort of habitat in Malta.
4] I can explain what living things need from their habitat: food, water and shelter.
5] I am able to observe and name some organisms found in soil.
6] I can identify and classify a range of plants in my local area by carrying out field work.
7] I can describe which plants that are important for food are not grown in Malta, and find out where they come from.
8] I can explain the difference between tap water and sea water.
9] I can identify potable water sources.
10] I can observe and describe how the sea is becoming polluted and its effect on sea life.
11] I can describe the atmosphere and name the main gases which are present.
12] I am able to distinguish between the four seasons with regard to weather conditions.
13] I can interpret basic weather charts and the symbols used.
14] I can explain the importance of gravity in retaining our atmosphere.
15] I can explain that the Earth is like a big magnet with a magnetic north and a magnetic south.
16] I can classify materials as magnetic or non-magnetic.

Subject Focus: How do things move?

1] I can explain what a force is and give examples of different types of forces.
2] I can identify different scientists who have worked on gravitational theories.
3] I can demonstrate the effect of air resistance on differently shaped objects.
4] I can demonstrate situations in which friction produces heat.
5] I can investigate how simple machines work, and give everyday examples.
6] I can describe examples of sports where balanced forces are important.
7] I can describe and draw a diagram showing the forces acting on a person on a slide.
8] I can find out about sport-specific clothing that is worn for practical, comfort or safety reasons.
9] I can describe the function of muscles in our body, and how they are attached to our bones.
10] I can explain that the skull protects our brain, and that the rib cage protects our heart and lungs.

Subject Focus: What is there out in Space?

1] I can describe the motion of the Earth around the Sun.
2] I can research characteristics of each planet.
3] I can describe the movement of the planets around the sun.
4] I can demonstrate using drawings or a model why we have day and night.

Subject Focus: What do Forensic Scientists do?

1] I can present examples of how forensic scientists solved real crimes.
2] I can use my observational skills to identify key items at a crime scene.

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